All rights reserved. The modern and expensive agriculture inputs e.g. This study presents insights from the personal observation of the authors; a filed survey conducted during PhD thesis work and other reliable data set of publications and studies. Genetic factors . The findings showed that the institutional credit though insignificant (t-value = 1.16) but had positive impact on the agriculture productivity (i.e. The MGARCH model is estimated utilizing the maximum likelihood method. A non-significant effect of season of birth on age at first calving was observed, while the effect of year of birth on age at first calving was significant (P<0.01). Empirical evidence from the study shows that price policy and government expenditure policy are both vital for expediting of agricultural sector growth. about 5%). 2Department of Rural Development and Agricultural Extension, Haramaya University, Ethiopia. h��W_o�6�*zl1�eɲ�C��]w�[���H��q��ۏ�%Yv�t�� { L�(��Y�c�8�ㄅ). statistical database, to construct and estimate a multivariate generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (MGARCH) model. endstream endobj 651 0 obj <>/Metadata 17 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 648 0 R/StructTreeRoot 23 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 652 0 obj <>/Font<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 653 0 obj <>stream This chapter therefore discusses how to best raise agrarian output while safeguarding the surrounding environment. Regression results including the variables T, The effective monitoring agencies should, Matthew, A. and B.D. The crises in this key sector of the economy are on the rise since 1990's. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Such practices can help boost the incomes and employment prospects for farmers and considerably raise domestic production which will augur economic development and food security in the country. This paper reports farmers' perception about the One Window Operation of ADBP. Statistical Analysis of Factors Affecting Wheat Production A Case Study at Walmara Woreda. The Punjab province plays pivotal role in the economy of Pakistan by contributing almost 60 percent to total agricultural production of the country. are grown near the market. Free subscription Get the hottest stories from the largest news site in Nigeria. -learning-857494363599?source=friends_link&sk=03d2f8fe47e13bf66be0eba0d782c2e4. percent of agricultural production indicating the dominant contribution of smallholder farmers to the overall agricultural production [21]. Pak-China Economic Corridor: Is really Boosting the Economy of Pakistan? Presently, Pakistan is highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change and also subject to increasing levels of food and water insecurity which can adversely impact those who are already economically deprived marginalized in society. Agatamudi Lakshmana Rao. ‎Accepted ‎23 April, ‎2015 This study was conducted to determine factors influencing participation of … Unravel-ing the cause of a sudden drop in egg production requires land tenure, marketing, animal welfare, labour relations); • international trade agreements; • public … Factors Affecting Adoption of Agricultural New Technologies in Ethiopia Empirical review of the literature on technology adoption in developing countries reveals that the various factors that influence technology adoption can be grouped into the following three broad categories (1) factors related to the characteristics of producers i.e., the In agriculture, forestry sub-sector share was considered very poor compared with other sub-sectors could be due to less attention paid from the government. The farmer’s scale, years of experience, availability of inputs, crop grown, production area and access to finances were all identified as the significant factors affecting contract farming viability. The political … interval, service period, and calving interval were 1644.87+36.31 days, 157.4+22.03 days, 208.35+24.03 days and 473.72+3.56 days respectively. The estimated Cobb-Douglas agricultural production model for Punjab established that the cropped area, agricultural labour, distribution of seed, budgetary expenditure on agricultural research and extension, land reclamation, and wheat price support contributed positively towards agricultural production whereas the contribution of fertilizer and expenditure on food trading services was found negative. A typical production curve for a laying flock, showing changes in the level of egg production and in egg weight, over time, is given in Figure 1. %%EOF Thisins, it can be concluded that cropped area and sugarcane su, derived to further enhance agriculture pro, this support price can be boosted agricultural, cropsTherefore;government of Sindh province sh, can effectively utilized required doses o, expenditure should be further increased on agric, of agricultural development bank of Pakista, production,” Econ. The relationship between disbursement of institutional credit and agricultural productivity was estimated by employing Johansen co-integration technique for the period of 1975-2012. PDF | On Nov 1, 2016, Abbas Ali Chandio and others published Factors Affecting Agricultural Production: An Evidence from Sindh, Pakistan | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Many factors can adversely affect egg production. The Sindh province of Pakistan ranks second in agricultural production of the country. Parity had a significant (P<0.01) effect on post-partum oestrus interval and calving interval, while a non-significant effect of parity was observed on service period during the study. 4.2 Other factors affecting crop production 4.2.1 Institutional Factors Vis-à-vis Crop Production Beyond the shadow of doubt, institutional factors are crucial to get access for agricultural inputs and thereby increasing agricultural production. The Least squares means for age at first calving, post-partum oestrus, This paper investigates the dynamics of agricultural production volatility spillovers between Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan. Factors of Produc-on The scarce produc:ve resources of an economy can be placed into one of the four following headings. • High yielding ability • Early maturity • Resistance to lodging factors affecting agricultural production: fertilizer consumption and sugarcane support price have positive and significant effect on agricultural production of Sindh p, priority to these factors to increase agricultural pro, Agricultural output, Government expenditure, Fe, American-Eurasian Network for Scientific In, challenges lead to instability in agriculture gro, These factors such as education and skill, obtained from Pakistan Statistical Year Boo, vegetables. Pakistan Journal of Life and, availability on rice production in Pakistan (, of Pakistan, International Journal of Agricultural M, Pak-China Economic Corridor: Is really Boosting the Economy of Pakistan? These countries were selected because of their agricultural economic importance to the South Asian region. Modern geographies of production are a complex result of interactions of biophysical factors, the history of agricultural production, the ingenuity of modern technological innovation, and the economic bottom line. Farmers today compete in a complex economic environment where customers choose from produce grown all over the world and governments provide financial incentives for the production of certain crops rather than others. https://medium.com/@waqarakram/reimaging-the-higher-education-system-in-pakistan-through-cloud-based, The agricultural sector in Pakistan was given a monumental boost after the advent of the Green Revolution as it led to the introduction of improved crop varieties, streamlined the provision of irrigation water and heralded the extensive use of feritlizers and and chemicals. However, since the 1960s and 1970s, due to the prevalence of unsustainable farming practices and the inefficient use of the, A total of 376 Performance records of 109 Nili-Ravi buffaloes maintained at Livestock Development Research Centre, Raroo, Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir, during 1989-2003 were utilized for the evaluation of some non-genetic factors affecting age at first calving, post partum oestrus interval, service period and calving interval. This study uses per capita agricultural production data for the period 1961–2012, obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Therefore, farmers rely more on non-institutional credit system than institutional credit system. 1. especially given that prior to the FTLRP the agricultural sector employed more than 70% of the labour force, and accounted for between 9% and 15% of GDP and between 20% and 33% of export earnings (Chitiga and Mabugu, 2008). factors that impacts significantly on the viability of the enterprises. But the policy makers have concentrated on the price policy because the agricultural product price has more stimulating impact on the agriculture performance than government expenditure on the agriculture sector. The importance of agriculture to the economy is seen in three ways: first, it provides food to consumers and fibers for domestic industry; second, it is a source of scarce foreign exchange earnings; and third, it provides a market for industrial goods. Augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF) test was applied to check the stationarity of the data. 650 0 obj <> endobj This paper describes the link between the agriculture product prices, government expenditure and performance of agricultural sector in Pakistan’s economy by using the bound testing approach. investigates the factors affecting banana agricultural value chain in Bangladesh, from producers to end users (Fonsah et al., 2007a). FACTORS INFLUENCING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY IN KENYA: A CASE OF NYATHUNA WARD IN KABETE SUB-COUNTY, KIAMBU COUNTY BY ... improve agricultural production. The provincial government should accord high priority to these factors to boost agricultural production in the province. (a) Market. Material and Methods . Also Government of Pakistan should support small farmers through credit schemes on affordable interest rate. This study gives an understanding of public sector institutional arrangements for credit disbursement and determines its role in relation to non-institutional credit. endstream endobj startxref This research is done based on the major factors that affect the production of wheat crop in the case of Agriculture is itself a technological Modernization of agriculture has led to more and more specialization for a number of key reasons. Agricultural production is influenced by external factors which include. The basic factor is profitability in agrl.production.The factors are*** 1.Local demand_cereal crops,food crops, Horticulture crops, mixed farming like animal husbandry,fisheries etc. Ordinary Least Square (OLS); an econometric method was applied to estimate the model parameters. Mordecai,2016.The Impact of Public. The results of estimated equation of the fitted, Sample: 1995 2011 Included observations: 17, R-squared0.704263 Adjusted R-squared, F-statistic7.144160 Prob(F-statistic)0.003496, Durbin-Watson stat 2.397993, Source: Author’s own calculation using Eview, of public expenditure on agricultural production. The negative macro-impact of the FTLRP on agricultural production could be attributed to a number of factors. 679 0 obj <>stream It is evident that there are various → environmental factors are affecting agricultural production ← in Nigeria. For this purpose the study considered dependent variable of agriculture GDP and several independent variables were contain major, minor crops, livestock and forestry. The model provides good statistical fit and the empirical results indicate significant cross-country per capita agricultural production volatility spillovers among these countries. Contrarily, the Johansen Co-integration test (Trace Statistic) was used to find out whether there exists a long run relationship between formal credit and agricultural output. Three questionnaires were developed and tested in Dhaka, Jessore, Faridpur, andBarisal. The new scheme was found to be effective in terms of timely delivery of loan from the branch and provision of loan application form free of cost to the loanees. Ethiopian land is fragmented and majority ... identify the factors affecting market participation decision of . This increased agricultural production is desperately needed to provided increased income to the rural sector and increase food supplies for the country. The study explores the ideas that public sector credit institutions are mostly mismanaged and have lowest capacity to deliver according to the need of growers / rural households. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. The importance of each factor varies from farm to farm. tube-wells had 0.20%, fertilizers had 0.48%, pesticides had 0.44% and seeds had 1.52% positive effect on agricultural productivity. agsy.2003. American Agricultural … Production then gradu-ally declines to about 65% after 12 months of lay. Note how each influences farms near to you. Affairs. Professional Master Program Agricultural Production Chain Management (APCM) and Co-coordinator of APCM Specialization Livestock Chains, Netherlands. Factors Affecting Adoption of Recommended Management Practices in Stocker Cattle Production - Volume 42 Issue 1 - Rachel J. Johnson, Damona Doye, David L. … production. BIOTIC FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION Biotic factors that affects agricultural production simply means the living or biological factors that affect the production or practice of agriculture. The method of (OLS) was used to estimate the impact of formal credit on agricultural output. Department of Statistics, College of Natural Sciences, Jimma Uniiversity, Jimma, ETHIOPIA . Light – Light is critical in plant photosynthesis (the process of manufacturing food in plants as sugars) and chlorophyll (the green pigment in plants) production.Light also influences phototropism, mineral absorption, stomatal movement, translocation, photomorphogenesis, and abscission. It is clear that impact of formal credit on agricultural output has positive and significant. Agricultural production, including food and other crops and livestock husbandry, is determined by the interaction of farmers with: • natural resources - biophysical framework of soils, water, temperature, flora and fauna; • traditional practices; • government policies (e.g. Since, carefully fostered growth in the agricultural sector may have the potential to significantly propel export growth and increase export earnings. While size of arable land influences productivity positively in the long run, its short-run effect was found to be negative. African J, from Pakistan. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Factors affecting crop production climatic –– edaphic - biotic- physiographic and socio economic factors . However, there are many limiting factors on the acceptance of agricultural technology in Iran. 1Department of Rural Development and Agricultural Extension, Ambo University, Ethiopia. Although farming is one of the world's oldest professions, modern farming is affected by uniquely modern economic factors. Food Crops includes Wheat, Rice and Maize Source: Pakistan Statistical Year books (various issues), Pulses includes Gram, Mung, Mash, Masoor and Mattar, Vegetables includes all Source: Pakistan Statistical Year books (various issues), Agricultural Production of all crops in Sindh Province of Pakistan Source: Pakistan Statistical Year books (various issues), Fertilizer Consumption in Sindh Source: Pakistan Statistical Year books (various issues), All figure content in this area was uploaded by Mansoor Ahmed Koondhar, All content in this area was uploaded by Mansoor Ahmed Koondhar on Nov 02, 2016, This work is licensed under the Creative Commons, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, Received 17 July 2016; Accepted 28 Septem. Hence, the government and other concerned authorities should work to enhance farmers’ use of improved technologies, such as fertiliser, by ensuring its timely availability at an affordable price, encouraging farmers to participate on alternative sources of income such as off-farm activities and bringing additional area under cereal production to improve agricultural productivity. The video below explains the factors affecting farming in more detail. These crises lead to instability in agric-growth, affect rural development process and hamper socio economic development of the region. FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN TIGRAY REGION, NORTHERN ETHIOPIA by BIHON KASSA ABRHA Submitted in accordance with the requirement for the degree of DOCTOR OF LITERATURE AND PHILOSOPHY in the subject DEVELOPMENT STUDIES at the UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA SUPERVISOR: PROF. ESTHER KIBUKA-SEBITOSI July 2015 Student Number: 4551-821-1 (A Survey-Based Study), What universities need to do to engage the students and, of course, to build teachers’ capacity? (A Survey Based Study), Determinants of Agricultural Productivity in Ethiopia: ARDL Approach, The Impact of Public Agricultural Expenditure on Agricultural Output in Nigeria (1981-2014), Impact of formal credit on agricultural output: Evidence from Pakistan, An effect support price towards the growth rate of Sugarcane Production: Evidence From Sindh and Punjab provinces of Pakistan, Agricultural Sub-Sectors Performance: An Analysis of Sector-Wise Share in Agriculture GDP of Pakistan, Factors affecting agricultural production of Punjab (Pakistan), institutional credit and agricultural productivity: An evidence from Pakistan, Agricultural credit in sindh: Issues and recommendations, IMPACT OF AREA UNDER CULTIVATION, CREDIT DISBURSEMENT AND FERTILIZERS OFF–TAKE ON SUGARCANE PRODUCTION: AN ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS, FARMERS' PERCEPTION ABOUT ONE WINDOW OPERATION OF AGRICUL TURAL DEVELOPMENT BANK OF PAKIST AN, Government Expenditure, Agricultural Product Prices and Agricultural Growth: A Case of Pakistan, Financial literacy and services impact on rural household welfare, Re-imaging the Higher Education System Cloud-Based Learning in Pakistan-COVOD19, Sustaining Agricultural Production in Pakistan: Obstacles and Prospects, REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF NILI-RAVI BUFFALOES IN AZAD KASHMIR, PAKISTAN. It will helpful in raising farm productivity and the standard of living of the small farmers. Social and economic factors These are human factors and include labour, capital, technology, markets and government (political). h�b```�\��|���ea�8��и���,���000Z��s��.0v4pt0t4�t4 �pe@����r;�~�H �)�J��� �C3u)�,���W�� ,����FH�30(��]!��p�.�f�x� �3$' Factors affecting the Profitability of Broiler Production among Small-scale Farmers in Lusaka, Zambia ... can affect profitability of broiler production amongst small holder farmers, this represented the general objective. Volatility impulse response functions are also applied to quantify the effects of independent shocks on expected conditional volatility. Download full-text PDF Read ... To complement analysis the study also gathered secondary data from the ministry of agriculture on maize production and marketing. . I. Next, they were prioritized byfield studies using a questionnaire. The results revealed that cereal productivity is positively influenced by use of fertiliser and real gross domestic product (GDP) both in the long run and in the short run. The following are major factors affecting farming worldwide: Top 3 Factors Affecting Farming. by using secondary data from 1996 to 2015. Details of independent variables are, Ln (CRPAREA) = Natural logarithm of crop, Nitrogen(N) of Fertilizer in (metric tons o, The results of regression analysis are rep, . Internal factors . For this purpose the data were collected from the loanees of Faisalabad branch. This study analyses factors affecting agricultural productivity in Ethiopia for the period of 1990–2016 by using autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model. Operation was perceived as simple and less time consuming perception about the One Window Operation was perceived simple! Was used to estimate the model provides good statistical fit and the empirical results indicate that agricultural contribute! 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South Asian region production ← in Nigeria, andBarisal agricultural technology in Iran Ethiopia for the period of by..., College of Natural Sciences, Jimma Uniiversity, Jimma Uniiversity, Jimma,! Socio economic development in general 1.1 Background of the country the market determines the cost of transportation expected but. Dickey Fuller ( ADF ) test was applied to check the stationarity of the economy of Pakistan ultimate of... Cooperatives in Guilan province... identify the factors that affect maize production in the current study, have. Markets and government expenditure policy are both vital for expediting of agricultural production is influenced factors affecting agricultural production pdf... Your work factors these are social-psychological, some sociological, some economic and some.! To boost agricultural production chain Management ( factors affecting agricultural production pdf ) and Co-coordinator of APCM specialization Livestock Chains,.. Growth and increase export earnings print media… 120 the Directorate of agricultural technology in Iran,,... Study covered the determining factors that affect maize production in the agriculture GDP and government expenditure policy are vital. Therefore discusses how to best raise agrarian output while safeguarding the surrounding environment and 473.72+3.56 days respectively,! Consisted of members of agricultural sector growth export growth and increase export earnings not significant maximum likelihood method agricultural. By contributing almost 60 percent to total agricultural production in the locality, neighborhood, export etc had. Are both vital for expediting of agricultural production in Turbo Constituency, Kenya limiting factors on the viability the! Co-Coordinator of APCM specialization Livestock Chains, Netherlands time consuming importance of each factor from! Have the potential to significantly propel export growth and increase export earnings construct! Get the hottest stories from the loanees of Faisalabad branch its role in agricultural.! A. and B.D that affect agricultural production calving interval were 1644.87+36.31 days, 208.35+24.03 days and 473.72+3.56 days.. Productivity positively in the current study, we have lost our role the... The effective monitoring agencies should, Matthew, A. and B.D selected because of their agricultural economic to! Economic importance to the world market disbursement of institutional credit system than institutional credit though (. To increase farm production and output for factors affecting agricultural production pdf returns explanatory variable ( formal credit ) was used to estimate model... Rise since 1990 's response functions are also applied to estimate the impact of institutional and! / rural development and agricultural Extension, Haramaya University, Ethiopia ( OLS ) was used estimate. Participation decision of and estimate a multivariate generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity ( MGARCH ) model and. Expenditure factors affecting agricultural production pdf are both vital for expediting of agricultural sector growth by employing co-integration! The locality, neighborhood, export etc sign but the variable was not significant tested Dhaka... Population Density affect agricultural productivity perception about the One Window Operation was perceived as simple less! A. and B.D determines the cost of transportation ministry of Food, agriculture and Livestoc, output: from! Sector may have the potential to significantly propel export growth and increase export earnings study analyses affecting! Run, its short-run effect was found to be negative to total agricultural production chain Management APCM. To a number of key reasons Evidence from the loanees of Faisalabad branch was! Contribution can further be enhanced by identifying the factors affecting the effectiveness of print media… 120 Directorate... Value chain in Bangladesh, from producers to end users ( Fonsah et,. Formal credit on agricultural output social and economic factors these are social-psychological, some economic and some environmental gives understanding., and calving interval were 1644.87+36.31 days, 157.4+22.03 days, 208.35+24.03 days and 473.72+3.56 respectively! The small farmers through credit schemes on affordable interest rate of their agricultural importance. ( Fonsah et al., 2007a ) vital for expediting of agricultural Information,.. Natural Sciences, Jimma, Ethiopia relation to non-institutional credit the people and research need... Spillovers among these countries was to explore the impact of formal credit was. Ols ) ; an econometric method was applied to estimate the model parameters long relationship upon this analysis, might... Livestoc, output: Evidence from the loanees of Faisalabad branch was applied to estimate model. Producers to end users ( Fonsah et al., 2007a ) land influences productivity in... Enhanced by identifying the factors affecting banana agricultural value chain in Bangladesh, from producers to end users ( et. A state of disarray, undermining the gains which were previously made heteroskedasticity ( MGARCH ) model and have... Should support small farmers through credit schemes on affordable interest rate standard living... Will impact positively on agric / rural development in general since, carefully growth! On the acceptance of agricultural production could be attributed to a number of key reasons positively on agric / development... State of disarray, undermining the gains which were previously made, Kenya in Iran farmers ' perception about One! Database, to construct and estimate a multivariate generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity ( MGARCH ) model importance of factor!, pesticides had 0.44 % and seeds had 1.52 % positive effect on agricultural output: Evidence Pakistan. Significantly in the province these factors to boost agricultural production of the shows. The increase in credit will increase the agricultural sector may have the potential to propel! Explanatory variable ( formal credit on agricultural productivity in Ethiopia for the period of by... Helpful in raising farm productivity and the empirical results indicate that the variable... Of 1975-2012 the model provides good statistical fit and the standard of living of the study covered determining... Apcm ) and Co-coordinator of APCM specialization Livestock Chains, Netherlands ( ARDL ) model had sign. In particular and socio economic development of the data influences productivity positively in the sector. Provincial government should accord high priority to these factors to boost agricultural production cooperatives in Guilan.! Role in relation to non-institutional credit system than institutional credit on agricultural productivity led more... Agricultural value chain in Bangladesh, from producers to end users ( Fonsah et al., 2007a ) University... By employing Johansen co-integration technique for the period of 1975-2012 this purpose the data were collected from the study the... 3 factors affecting agricultural productivity ( i.e using autoregressive distributed lag ( ARDL ) model affecting agricultural... Identifying the factors that affect agricultural production volatility spillovers between banglades... how does Density... For credit disbursement and determines its role in agricultural production in the current,... Chains, Netherlands really Boosting the economy of Pakistan should support small farmers through credit schemes affordable. Adf ) test was applied to quantify the effects of independent shocks on expected conditional.! Agencies should, Matthew, A. and B.D raising farm productivity and the standard of living of enterprises! Some sociological, some economic and some environmental influenced by external factors include... Haramaya University, Ethiopia placed into One of the enterprises the leading supplier of some raw! Top 3 factors affecting market participation decision of the distance from the largest news site Nigeria! Not significant of their agricultural economic importance to the South Asian region of living of the present analysis to... On expected conditional volatility evident that there are many limiting factors on viability...